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  22.05.2020, 07:00h


Spend the Nature Protection Day on the Krka River and experience biodiversity up close

The International Day for Biological Diversity and the Nature Protection Day in the Republic of Croatia

The International Day for Biological Diversity and the Nature Protection Day in the Republic of Croatia, which we celebrate on 22 May, is an ideal occasion to go to nature and meet dragonflies at Skradinski buk and Roški slap waterfall or discover the magical forest world of Pubescent oak and Oriental hornbeam on Stinice.

Biodiversity includes diversity within species, between species, and diversity between ecosystems. But much easier than by definition, we will understand and experience biodiversity in nature itself. Shortly before International Biodiversity Day, on 20 May 2020, the European Commission presented the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2030 – Restoring Nature to Our Lives, which is one of the key elements of the European Green Plan, a new European strategy for achieving the sustainability of the European economy. Due to its specific geographical position, Croatia is one of the richest countries in Europe in terms of biodiversity. It is the border of the continental and Mediterranean climate that has made the Krka National Park extremely rich in habitats inhabited by numerous plant and animal species.

Dragonflies – colorful fairy fairies

If you follow the paths over Skradinski buk or Roški slap waterfall, if you pay attention, you will most likely enjoy a playful dance of dragonflies. Dragonflies inhabit places near the water, and the Krka National Park is proud to have many wonderful species of these creatures. Dragonflies associated with fast-flowing aquatic habitats such as waterfalls are black-legged river dragonflies, green-eyed river dragonflies, and stream dragonflies. In the shady areas, the southern glistening dragonfly hides, and in the sunny parts, especially at Skradinski buk, the most numerous is the rambur skater. The Winter Virgo lives in the Park, the only European dragonfly that overwinters in adult form, and the finding of a great archer from mid-January, when adult forms have long since disappeared from nature, is also interesting.

Once like the dragons of ancient Valyria in the Song of Ice and Fire, today like fairies from the land of Peter Pan, dragonflies are fairy-tale insects from the order of Odonata. Top flyers and active predators, these brightly colored insects are bioindicators of the state of the environment: where dragonflies fly, nature is healthy and preserved. Forty-three species of dragonflies have been recorded in the Krka National Park – almost half of the species recorded in Croatia, which significantly contributes to the biodiversity of this unique protected area.

Centuries-old pubescent oak and Oriental hornbeam trees grow on 8 ha of forest on Stinice

The forests in the Krka National Park do not occupy large areas, but they give a special atmosphere to the whole area, and they are home to many plants and animals. They are an important part of the karst landscape because the characteristic geomorphological forms of karst, sharp slopes and river courses are intertwined in a relatively small area. The most represented forest community in the Krka National Park is the community of pubescent oak and Oriental hornbeam. This typical forest is located on Stinice, on the left bank of the Krka River. Although small in area, only 8 ha, it is one of the most valuable stands in the Mediterranean.

In its original nature, a path with a viewpoint for an educational walk and forest observation is available for visitors. In the surrounding area of ​​the Visovac house "Kuželj", there is a children's playground with educational flora and fauna elements. In the house itself there is a permanent exhibition Lugar's house. On the ground floor is the main thematic unit Pubescent Oak and its family, which consists of free-standing exhibits of seven species of oaks. On the first floor of the building, the main thematic unit is the Living World of the Pubescent Oak, and it is elaborated through two sub-themes: Forest Plants and Forest Animals.

Congratulations to all nature lovers on the International Day for Biological Diversity and the Nature Protection Day in the Republic of Croatia!