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Burnum Roman military camp

Situated at the location of the present day village of Ivoševci. It was erected in the 1st century AD, and the remnants of arches of the military command building and a well preserved amphitheatre are still visible today.

The camp was erected at the turn of the new era, at a strategically important position for controlling passage across the river, and it marked the starting point of all military campaigns towards the inland regions, right up to the northern boundaries of the Roman state.

 The XI Roman legion was stationed at this camp. As of 42 A.D., this legion carried the honourable title of Claudia pia fidelis. Later, it was replaced here by the IV Flavia Felix legion. Today, the remnants of the arches of the pretoria (camp command) building are still visible. Recent research has unearthed a large amphitheatre and an abundance of archaeological material that suggests that the camp was erected under the rule of the Emperor Claudius, and later expanded under the Emperor Vespasian. With the departure of the army, a town (municipium) was established here due to the favourable infrastructure already in place, and it played an important role in the area right up until late antiquity. The town had a large sanctuary, amphitheatre, aqueduct, cobbled roads and streets and other urban properties. Many fierce battles were waged along its city walls. At the end of the 5th century, during the period of the Gothic-Byzantine wars, the town was taken by the Ostragoths.

The Burnum amphitheatre had four entrances. It took advantage of the natural terrain, in this case, the rocks of the funnel shaped depressions, which was exceptionally suitable for the builders. It is not known how many viewers could attend, but it is thought to be between six and ten thousand people. A monumental, lovely engraved plaque from 76/77 AD that stood on the façade above the southern entrance to the amphitheatre, clearly confirms that this was a donation from the Emperor Vespasian.