Glavni izbornik

Izdvojeni sadržaji

Butterflies

Petar Sabol (Čakovec, 1981) has been involved in photography since 2007. The focus of his interest is nature photography, especially close-ups of motifs from the animal world that people do not usually have the opportunity to see.

In addition to motives of untamed nature, Sabol's photos stand out for their amazing scenes, in which the main compositional ingredient is (the most beautiful) natural light.

The theme of this series of photographs is butterflies, one of the most amazing creatures in the world. They can be found everywhere where there are enough flowers for the nectar they eat, hence all over the world, except the on the North and South Poles. Most butterflies have a long proboscis (sphingidae up to 8 mm), which is otherwise coiled, but when feeding it is extended to sip sweet nectar, the nutritious “fuel” for flight. Most feed by landing, but for example a hawk-moth, like a hummingbird, flies in place while sipping. Their legs are long but light so they do not damage the delicate flowers while standing on them. Butterflies seek out colorful flowers with large compound eyes, and also have large antennae on their heads that can sense the wind and smells.

The first thing that catches the eye of an observer as they watch them fly is their large and colorful wings. They are not fast fliers, and their flight is often unpredictable, but graceful, and a touch of elegance is also enhanced by their colorful wings, the color produced either by pigment or light refraction. The life cycle of a butterfly has four stages: egg, caterpillar or larva, pupa, and adult winged individual (imago). The wingspan of the largest butterfly in the world is more than 30 centimeters. Its wingspan is 100 times larger than some of the smallest butterflies, whose wings are just three millimeters from tip to tip.

Butterflies cannot bite or sting, so they have had to adopt other means of protection, most notably the bright colors that warn predators that they are not suitable to eat, but also poisons they collect from the plants they feed on. It is completely harmless to them, but is devastating to birds and other predators.

More than 150,000 species of butterflies are known and are divided into 90 some families. About 3000 species of butterflies have been documented in Croatia, 186 of which are diurnal (active by day). The Nature Conservation Act protects: Old World swallowtail (Papilio machaon), scarce swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius), Mountain apollo (Parnassius apollo), purple emperor (Apatura iris), lesser purple emperor (Apatura ilia), and the poplar admiral (Limenitis populi). These butterflies are endangered mainly because of their beauty, which attracts collectors, and their small populations.

Common glider (Neptis sappho)

Cleopatra (Gonepteryx cleopatra)

Cabbage butterfly (Pieris brassicae)

Scarce swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius)

Spotted fritillary (Melitaea didyma)

Chestnut heath (Coenonympha glycerion)

Blues (Lycaenidae)

Marbled white (Melanargia galathea)

European map (Araschnia levana)

Southern festoon (Zerynthia polyxena)

Oranges (Pieridae)

Common brimstone (Gonepteryx rhamni)