Glavni izbornik

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Traditional architecture

Traditional architecture is a skill that is passed on from generation to generation, as an awareness of why something is built in one way and not another.

It can be called ecological, as building materials were used rationally, not at the expense of fertile land, and using natural and locally available materials.

The home was a modest, single-room ground floor structure built of stone with stone slabs as flooring. On one side of the house was the hearth, around which all daily life unfolded, and where the people lived, while on the other were the animals, separated only by a low dividing wall. Near the hearth was a small open window, without glass of course. During the 18th century, another similar house would be added to this one, where the people would sleep, and then a barn for the livestock would be built. The kitchen continued to be the main room of the home. Fire, smoke and the hearth, then as now, symbolised family, and a place of gathering.

It was not until the 19th century that two-floor houses would be built, called kule (meaning tower).

Small windows were a common feature in the traditional architecture, due in part to the inability to obtain glass, and also in part to a fear of burglary. Humans – both farmers and shepherds – wanted to maximally protect their homes from the weather conditions they were exposed to all day long.

In addition to being a shelter and place of security, the house was also a status symbol of the owner. The wealthy built larger, higher quality homes, while the poor built smaller, more modest ones.

The ćemer is a specific type of architecture, a drystone structure built in the fields with fences to keep in grazing livestock. Its primary aim was to protect people from rough weather. The ćemer was a rectangular or round structure, with a base and a specific vault made of flat rocks that gradually rose up towards the centre of the vault to form a dome.

In our souvenir shops you can find souvenirs inspired by traditional architecture.


Source: Konjevrate i Mirlović Zagora – župe Šibenske biskupije, Zbornik radova znanstvenog skupa Sela šibenskog zaleđa župa Konjevrate i Mirlović Zagora u prošlosti [Konjevrate and Mirlović Zagora – the parishes of the Šibenik Diocese, Anthology of papers from the scientific conference ‘Villages of the Šibenik inland in the parishes of Konjevrate and Mirlović Zagora in the past]. Edited by Dr. Ante Gulin, Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2005.