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Wetland vegetation

On the low, silty banks of Visovac Lake, the Ćulišić ponds and the mouth of the Čikola River, the vegetation of true wetland habitats, such as tall reeds and cattails, is well developed.

On the river banks, the community of sedge beds (Cladietum marisci, Mariscetum) is dominant, and associated with stands of galengale (Cyperus longus) and marsh pennywort (Hydrocotyle vulgaris). Reed communities with club-brush (Scirpo-Phragmitetum mediterraneum) dominate where the water typically does not dry out, even in the driest periods, but remains on the soil surface. These communities consist of common reeds (Phragmites australis), great bulrush (Scirpus lacustris), narrow-leaf cattail and reedmace (Typha angustifolia and T. latifolia), yellow iris (Iris pseudacorus) and American water plaintain (Alisma plantago-aquatica).

Behind the reed belts, in somewhat deeper and slower flowing or standing water, are the aquatic plants. The most evident is the Myriophyllo-Nupharetum community, consisting of the white water lily (Nymphaea alba), European cow lily (Nuphar luteum), whorled and spiked water milfoil (Myriophyllum verticillatum and M. spicatum), mare's tail (Hippuris vulgaris), water starwort (Callitriche polymorpha), water knotgrass (Polygonum amphibium), and three-leaved water crowfoot (Ranunculus trichophyllus).